PARKINSON’S DISEASE It is a degenerative disorder of the brain. It is present in the ancient Indian system of medicine. The disease belongs to a group of conditions called movement disorder. In this type of disorder nerve cells or neurons in the brain that control muscle movements are greatly affected . It leads to loss of muscle control which leads to trembling of the limbs while at rest or otherwise.
The exact cause of the disease is not known but the same is from the lack of or death of dopamine generating nerve cells in the substantianigra and movement becomes impaired . Other cells in the brain also degenerate to some extent and may contribute to affects other non - movement related symptoms of Parkinson’s disease
There are several causes namely
Genetic, Excessive stress , Environmental factors : Excessive alcohol consumption , any other kind of neurological illness, drug abuse
SYMPTOMS that affects the Motor function
Tremors ; Trembling in fingers, hands, arms , feet , legs , jaw and head
This includes stiffness of the joints and when combined with the tremor produces more rigid. Postural instability
While walking person takes small steps with their feet barely leaving the groundDepressionabout 30-80% of all the people suffering from Parkinsonsdisease ,Anxiety,
Sleep disturbances Insomnia
Problems with urination
Getting up frequently during the night to urinate or urinary incontinence
Management of Parkinson diseaseThis disease is chronic disorder that requires broad based management including patient
and family education , support group services , general well ness . At present there is no cure but medications or surgery can provide relief from the symptoms
Supplementary treatmentsApart from medication there are nutritional supplements which can ease symptoms and improve the quality of life . It is also important that the patient inform the physician about his problem and accordingly
take medicines. The main purpose of medical practitioner is to facilitate build the body strength , improve the balance overcome problems and improve on speaking and swallowing
Prevention of Parkinson disease
1.Practice of relaxation techniques , meditation , deep breathing etc. when followed regularly can produce smoothening effects
2.Develop healthy eating habits, et food at the proper time, void oily and spicy food, junk food
3. Reduce the alcohol and smoking habits and increase the water quantity per day.
4. Daily exercise or regular walk is very helpful
5. Good sleep is very important.
6. YOGIC DIET : Alkaline food with less oil , salt and spice
YOGA plays a great role in developing sense of well being in the person and produces a harmony between physical and mental level . It activates or stimulates the nerve cells for better functioning when regularly practiced with positive attitude .
YOGIC STHUL VYAYAMA
YOGASANA – NO INVERTED ASANAS
SPECIAL PRACTICE : YOGA NIDRA & SURYA NAMASKAR( IF POSSIBLE )
By performing the above activities, following the regime as shown above , performing the asanas , the Neuro- Muscular coordination will improve and a noticeable change will be seen as the patient will be able to perform his daily duty after 2 months of continuous practice .