Most people may experience low back pain at certain stages of their life.It is characterized by pain stiffness and tension in the back. This pain can vary from mild to severe depending upon the duration. It can be short lived or long lasting . However, low back pain can make everyday activities difficult to perform.
The low back pain is the most common cause of job related disability and leading contributor to missed work. Acute or short term low back pain generally lasts from a few days to few weeks . Most acute back pain is mechanical in nature as a result of the trauma to the lower back or due to the disorders such as arthritis. Symptoms
The low back pain is experienced by stiff back tension , soreness and /or stiffness in the lower back that moves down the buttocks into one or both of the legs may be symptoms of sciatic. Soreness in the lower back , muscle weakness and tight muscle may be caused by a slipped disc. In case of slipped disc the pain usually radiates down the legs .
Pain in the joints when walking and stiffness first thing in the morning re symptoms of arthritis . Neck pain and stiffness , headaches and lower back are common symptoms
Back is a complex structure made up of bones , muscles, nerves and joints that can often make it difficult to pinpoint the exact cause of pain . Most cases of low back pain are caused by sprains, minor strains , minor injuries or a pinched or irritated nerve. Some of the main causes are :
Bending awkwardly for long periods,
Lifting carrying , pushing or pulling heavyweights incorrectly causing sprain strain or spasm in the back muscle or ligaments ,Sitting in wrong posture in chair for long periods
Twisting or overstretching of back , Overuse of muscles , usually due to the sport or repetitive movements.
Overweight, smoking , pregnant, Medicinal, stress , depression , age
Conditions or disease associated with Low back pain
Bulging disc, Osteoporosis , Skeletal irregularities , Fibromyalgia, Spondylitis , Herniated disc ( slipped disc) Disc degeneration ( Osteoarthritis in the spine ) lumbar spinal stenosis .
Always do warm up exercise or any other strenuous activity in the morning,
Don’t lean forward abruptly while standing or sitting
At home or work , make sure the work surface is at comfortable ,
Sit in a chair with good lumbar support and proper position . Keep the shoulders back and relaxed . Sleep on the side to reduce any curve in the spine . Always sleep on the firm surface.
Do not try to lift the objects that are too heavy . Keep the objects near the body . Do not twist when lifting .
Quit smoking : Smoking reduces blood flow to the lowerspine and causes the spinal discs to degenerate .
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